U.S. House of Representatives passes the “Libya Stabilization Act”

By Sami Zaptia.

London, 29 September 2021:

The U.S. House of Representatives yesterday passed the ‘‘Libya Stabilization Act’’ (HR 1228). The Act includes powers for:

  • Sanctioning activities of the LNA with respect to Syria.
  • Sanctions of foreign persons leading, directing, or supporting certain foreign government involvement in Libya.
  • Sanctioning foreign persons threatening the peace or stability of Libya.
  • Sanctioning foreign persons who are responsible for or complicit in gross violations of internationally recognized human rights committed in Libya.
  • Humanitarian relief for the people of Libya and international refugees and migrants in Libya.
  • Support for democratic governance, elections and civil society.
  • Engaging international financial institutions to advance Libyan economic recovery and improve public sector financial management.
  • Recovering assets stolen from the Libyan people.

 

Welcoming the passing of the Act, Amnesty International said it advanced ‘‘much needed accountability for human rights abuses and war crimes, addressing the conflicts’ root causes, and working toward an end to foreign interference in Libya.’’

‘‘Libyan civilians have borne the brunt of years of conflict, insecurity, and abuses. Amnesty supports this crucial legislation to uphold the rights of Libyans and to help them rebuild, and calls on the Senate to urgently pass the companion bill.’’

Here is the Act in full:

Introduced in House (02/23/2021)

117th CONGRESS
1st Session

To advance a diplomatic solution to the conflict in Libya and support the people of Libya. H. R. 1228

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
February 23, 2021

Mr. Deutch (for himself, Mr. Wilson of South Carolina, Mr. Lieu, and Mr. Malinowski) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Foreign Affairs, and in addition to the Committees on the Judiciary, and Financial Services, for a period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee concerned


A BILL

To advance a diplomatic solution to the conflict in Libya and support the people of Libya.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS.


Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.

Sec. 2. Findings; statement of policy.


Sec. 101. Report on activities of certain foreign governments and actors in Libya.

Sec. 102. Report of Russian activities and objectives in Libya.

Sec. 103. Determination of sanctionable activities of the Libyan National Army with respect to Syria.


Sec. 201. Sanctions with respect to foreign persons leading, directing, or supporting certain foreign government involvement in Libya.

Sec. 202. Sanctions with respect to foreign persons threatening the peace or stability of Libya.

Sec. 203. Sanctions with respect to foreign persons who are responsible for or complicit in gross violations of internationally recognized human rights committed in Libya.

Sec. 204. Sanctions described.

Sec. 205. Waiver.

Sec. 206. Implementation and regulatory authority.

Sec. 207. Exception relating to importation of goods.

Sec. 208. Definitions.

Sec. 209. Suspension of sanctions.

Sec. 210. Sunset.


Sec. 301. Humanitarian relief for the people of Libya and international refugees and migrants in Libya.

Sec. 302. Support for democratic governance, elections, and civil society.

Sec. 303. Engaging international financial institutions to advance Libyan economic recovery and improve public sector financial management.

Sec. 304. Recovering assets stolen from the Libyan people.

SEC. 2. FINDINGS; STATEMENT OF POLICY.
SEC. 101. REPORT ON ACTIVITIES OF CERTAIN FOREIGN GOVERNMENTS AND ACTORS IN LIBYA.
 SEC. 102. REPORT OF RUSSIAN ACTIVITIES AND OBJECTIVES IN LIBYA.

Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the President shall submit to the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate a list of members of the Libyan National Army (LNA), and details of their activities, that the President determines are knowingly responsible for sanctionable offenses pursuant to—

SEC. 201. SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO FOREIGN PERSONS LEADING, DIRECTING, OR SUPPORTING CERTAIN FOREIGN GOVERNMENT INVOLVEMENT IN LIBYA.
SEC. 202. SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO FOREIGN PERSONS THREATENING THE PEACE OR STABILITY OF LIBYA.
SEC. 203. SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO FOREIGN PERSONS WHO ARE RESPONSIBLE FOR OR COMPLICIT IN GROSS VIOLATIONS OF INTERNATIONALLY RECOGNIZED HUMAN RIGHTS COMMITTED IN LIBYA.
SEC. 204. SANCTIONS DESCRIBED.
SEC. 205. WAIVER.
SEC. 206. IMPLEMENTATION AND REGULATORY AUTHORITY.

The President—

SEC. 207. EXCEPTION RELATING TO IMPORTATION OF GOODS.
SEC. 208. DEFINITIONS.

In this title:

SEC. 209. SUSPENSION OF SANCTIONS.
SEC. 210. SUNSET.

The requirement to impose sanctions under this title shall cease to be effective on December 31, 2026.

SEC. 301. HUMANITARIAN RELIEF FOR THE PEOPLE OF LIBYA AND INTERNATIONAL REFUGEES AND MIGRANTS IN LIBYA.
SEC. 303. ENGAGING INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS TO ADVANCE LIBYAN ECONOMIC RECOVERY AND IMPROVE PUBLIC SECTOR FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT.
SEC. 304. RECOVERING ASSETS STOLEN FROM THE LIBYAN PEOPLE.

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